Getting to Know More About Central Java What You Should Know

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Central Java is one of the provinces in Indonesia whose capital is in Semarang and is located on the island of Java. Administratively has 6 cities, 29 districts, 545 subdistricts and 8,490 villages. It has an area of 32,548 km ² or approximately 28.94% of the total area of Java Island. The anniversary of Central Java is on August 15, 1950. Nusakambangan Island in the south and Karimun Island Java also includes Central Java Province.

A brief History
Since the time of the Dutch East Indies, Central Java was formed as a province. And in 1905, Central Java consisted of 5 regions or “gewesten” namely Semarang, Kedu, Pekalongan, Pati, Banyumas. At that time Pati Region also covers Regentschap Bojonegoro and Tuban. Surakarta stands alone as the royal swapraja or vorstenland region and consists of two areas namely Surakarta and Mangkunegaran Sunanate.

At the time of Indonesia’s independence in 1945, the Government formed Mangkunegaran and Kasunanan become residency. In 1950 through the Act established the formation of municipalities and districts in Central Java covering 6 municipalities and 29 districts. August 15, 1950 as the day when the Act is set to date is commemorated as the Anniversary of Central Java Province.

University
Central Java has quite a number of prominent universities, especially in Surakarta and Semarang. State universities include: Diponegoro University (Undip), Polytechnic of Health Ministry of Health Semarang (Poltekkes), State Polytechnic of Semarang (Polines), State University of Semarang (Unnes) and State Islamic University of UIN Walisongo in Semarang, Sebelas Maret University Surakarta (UNS), Institut State Islamic Religion (Stain) Salatiga, Tidar University in Magelang, Indonesian Institute of Art in Surakarta, and General Soedirman University (Unsoed) in Purwokerto.

And private universities in Central Java Province are: Semarang University (USM), University of PGRI Semarang (UPGRIS), STIE Bank BPD Jateng, University of Dian Nuswantoro Semarang (UDINUS), University of 17th of August 1945 Semarang (UNTAG), Sultan Agung Islamic University (Unissula) and Unika Soegijapranata in Semarang, Satya Wacana Christian University (SWCU) in Salatiga, Muhammadiyah University of Purwokerto (UMP), Muhammadiyah University of Magelang (UMM), Muhammadiyah University of Purworejo (UMPWR), University of Muhammadiyah Semarang (UNIMUS ), Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta (UMS), University of Panca Sakti in Tegal, University of Pekalongan UNIKAL, High School of Informatics and Computer Management (STMIK) Widya Pratama Pekalongan, Islamic High School Pati (STAIP), Muhadi Setiabudi University in Brebes, State Islamic Institute IAIN Pekalongan, Information Management and Permanent Computer Karya Indonesia (STIMIK AKI) in Pati, Islamic High School Nahdathul Ulam a (STAINU) Kebumen, STIE YPPI Rembang, and STAINU Putra Bangsa in Kebumen.

National hero
Here are some of the National Heroes from Central Java include:
Ahmad Yani, Mas Sutardjo Kertohadikusumo, Gatot Soebroto, Oerip Soemohardjo, Nyi Ageng Serang, Tjipto Mangoenkoesoemo, Usman Janatin ,Kartini, Katamso Darmokusumo, Mangkunegara I, Sahardjo, Moewardi, Siti Hartinah, Pakubuwana VI, Pakubuwana X, Samanhudi, Siswondo Parman, Soedirman , Sukarjo Wiryopranoto, Albertus Soegijapranata, Suharso, Soepeno, Soepomo, R. Soeprapto, Sutoyo Siswomiharjo, Yos Sudarso

Volcano
Central Java has 5 active volcanoes in Central Java, namely: Mount Merapi (in Boyolali – Klaten – Magelang), Gunung Sindoro (in Temanggung – Wonosobo), Mount Dieng (in Banjarnegara), Mount Slamet (at Pemalang), and Mount Sumbing (in Temanggung – Wonosobo – Magelang).

Tourism
Central Java has many very interesting attractions including Puri Maerokoco (Central Java Mini Park), Central Java Ranggawarsita Museum, Indonesian Record Museum (MURI), Wind Temple, Mantingan Mosque, Portuguese Fortress, VOC Fortress, World Peace Gong Museum, RA Museum Kartini, Borobudur Temple, Mendut Temple, Pawon Temple, Prambanan Temple, Gedong Songo Temple Complex, Wind Temple, Kasunanan Palace, Mangkunegaran Temple, Jumog Waterfall, Grojogan Sewu Waterfall, Sangiran Fossil Museum, Gajah Mungkur Reservoir, Nampu Beach, Sembukan Beach , Goa Petruk, Pantai Menganti, Van der Wijk Fort, Suwuk Beach, Sempor Reservoir, Sudimoro Waterfall, West Goa, Mangrove Logending Forest, Geowisata Karangsambung, Karangbolong Beach, Baturraden, Sawangan Waterfall, Krakat Hot Water Bathing, Jatijajar Cave, Object Guci Tour, Demak Grand Mosque, Sunan Kalijaga tomb, Sunan Muria tomb, Sunan Kudus tomb, Syech Jangkung tomb (Saridin), Mbah Ronggo Kusumo Ngemplak, Seloromo Reservoir, Juwana Water Park Fantasy (JWF), Jolong Coffee Garden Agro, Majapahit Gate, Pancur Cave, KH Tomb. Ahmad Mutamakkin kajen margoyoso, Gunungrowo Reservoir, Pasujudan Sunan Bonang, Sunan Bonang Mosque, Tumenggung Wilwatikta Mpu Santibadra tomb, the tomb of national hero RA. Kartini, ancient city of Lasem, archaeological site of Plawangan, Tasikharjo beach, Punjulharjo, Gedong / Caruban beach, Karangjahe beach, Binangun beach, Dampo Awang Beach, Banggi mangrove forest, Natural climbing tour of Lasem Mountain, Central Park 1, Central Park 2, etc.

Traditional Celebration
Feast of Lombatan, Party of Baratan, Dhandhangan, Dugderan, Ederan, Uler-Uler, Megengan Demak, Sekaten, Great Grebeg Demak, Meron, Gadu Diving Festival, Jembul Tulakan, Nyadran, Oncor Festival, Art & Culture Carving Festival, Torch War, Jepara Thongtek Carnival, Jepara Bedug Festival, Chambeng Welahan, etc.

Modern Celebration
Jateng Fair, Karshival, Jepara Expo, Kudus Expo, Expo Expo, Expo Expo, Kendal Expo, Demak Expo, Purwodadi Expo, Lasem Festival, Lasem Batik Carnival, Semarang Fashion On The Street, Jepara Fashion On The Street, Solo Batik Carnival, Jepara Cultural Festival, Karimunjava Sail, Loram Expo, Jepara Culinary Expo, Grobogan Fair, etc.

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